Public Open Space Provision


Academic papers and other referenceable material concerning the provision of public open space. 

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This content is provided for reference purposes alone and does not necessarily reflect the views of ParklandWA - See full disclaimer.    

 Title Author  Year  Synopsis/Executive Summary Keywords  Location 
Green and open space planning for urban consolidation – A review of the literature and best practice. Griffith University Jason Byrne and Neil Sipe  2010

This literature review covers recent research, planning standards and best planning practices for public urban space and greenspace planning. The purpose of the literature review is to enable a comparative analysis of the amount and quality of public urban and open space in other capital cities relative to Brisbane, considering examples of successful public spaces and their characteristics (e.g. dimensions, function, land use context and so forth).

In the review we also consider, wherever possible, existing and emerging leisure patterns, employment patterns, housing preferences, household structure, lifestyle preferences, travel patterns, location preferences and the interrelationships between these factors. We draw these facets together to develop a typology for defining/categorising types of urban public space (specifically considering the role and function of various public/private tenure arrangements for managing ‘public space’).

The ultimate purpose of the literature review is to provide a foundation for a detailed physical audit of Brisbane’s greenspace and public open space environments to facilitate better management and to enable the selective densification of some urban areas that policy makers deem suitable for ‘infill’ development and urban consolidation. 

Public open space, green space, planning, urban design, POS, Brisbane, land use, urban  Brisbane - Queensland
PUBLIC OPEN SPACE in Western Australia New Residential Developments  - A Parks and Leisure Australia WA POSITION PAPER PLA WA by May Carter PhD   2012 The purpose of this document is to identify key issues associated with the planning and management of public open space within new residential developments in Western Australia Parks and leisure australia, PLA, public open space, POS, parks, position paper, western australia Western Australia
Public greenspace and life satisfaction in urban Australia Christopher L. Ambrey
and
Christopher M. Fleming *
Griffith University
 

This paper examines the influence of public greenspace on the life satisfaction of residents of Australia’s capital cities. A positive relationship is found between the percentage of public greenspace in a resident’s local area and their self-reported life satisfaction.

On average, it is found that a resident has an implicit willingness-to-pay of $1,168 in annual household income for a one-per-cent (143m2) increase in public greenspace. Additional results suggest that the relationship between public greenspace and life satisfaction is non-linear; that the value of greenspace increases with population density; and that lone parents, as well as the less educated and those living in high rise dwellings, benefit to a greater extent from the provision of public greenspace than the general population. Nevertheless, preferences for greenspace appear to be relatively homogenous. In all, life satisfaction data supports existing evidence that public greenspace is welfare-enhancing for urban residents, and adequate allowance should be made for its provision when planning urban areas.

   
Literature Review on The Environmental, Social, and Health Benefits of Turfgrass Dr Ross Higginson and Peter McMaugh
Turfgrass Scientific Services Pty Ltd
2008

1. The benefits of turfgrass, including environmental, aesthetic, socioeconomic,
and health aspects of its use as part of the total landscape in
an urban green space;
2. Research in relation to turf’s use on sporting fields, with special
reference to surface quality and heat stress;
3. Water usage and efficiency studies, including the need to emphasise the
selection of varieties for particular uses;
4. Heat sink effects of turf use with reference to the energy balance
between turf and its replacement competitors;
5. Carbon sequestration capacity of turfgrass; and

6. Greenhouse gas emissions related to turfgrass use and
maintenance.

   
Governance of public land acquisition for regional open space in Perth and Sydney Neil Foley and Peter Williams 2013

 A good introduction into POS planning and acquisition. 

The focus of this paper is a comparison of the history of the governance of regional public land
acquisition in Perth and Sydney, with the case for the selection of these two cities established by a
contrast of the planning approaches used. Specifically the paper aims to review the governance
approaches and planning tools utilised in the two cities for the acquisition of regional public land, in
particular for open space purposes – and to present the case for the extension of the model used in Perth
- the Metropolitan Region Improvement Tax (MRIT).

  Perth, Sydney
The Economic Value of Protected Open Space  Economy League of Greater Philadelphia, Econsult Corporation, Keystone Conservation Trust  2011  
This study estimates the economic value of protected open space in Southeastern Pennsylvania by measuring impacts across four areas: property values, environmental services, recreation and health, and economic activity. 
  USA
Rethinking open space and community facilities in higher density development Urbis 2015 

Inner city locations are lacking community facilities due to the higher density development and areas. Existing benchmarks for open space struggle to apply for modern cities due to density and the way they are growing.

Public Open Space is lacking flexibility, benchmarks are rigid and out of date and does not efficiently match high density areas for community facilities.

Open space, community facilities, benchmarking, density. Australia 
Liveable Places: How Protecting Land Benefits Us All  Edith Pepper Goltra   2007 Open Space shapes a community’s character and defines its natural beauty. Protecting farmland, old forests, scenic meadows and estuaries allows residents to embrace their natural heritage and maintain a true sense of place.      USA
Living Liveable - The impact of the Liveable Neighbourhoods Policy
on the health and wellbeing of Perth residents
UWA - Centre for Built Environment and Health 2015  In 1998, the Western Australian Government introduced the Liveable Neighbourhoods Design Code; a policy aimed at utilising design principles to enhance the health and wellbeing of residents of new suburban developments.
The RESIDential Environments Project (known as RESIDE) commenced in 2003 to evaluate the impact of the Liveable Neighbourhoods (LN) policy on people living in LN designed communities. The study focuses on five elements with most relevance to health, based on the 2nd edition of LN and subsequent additions.
Utilising results from over 60 academic RESIDE publications* reporting across 10 different health outcomes, as well as other relevant studies undertaken at our centre, this report presents a summary of results relevant to the Liveable Neighbourhoods policy and its potential to impact on residents’ health.
  Perth, Western Australia